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  • Vietnam: Season is less fun

    Apr 17th, 2018

    Bu Gia Map Agricultural Cooperative (Bu Gia Map Commune, Bu Gia Map District, Binh Phuoc) was established in 2016. Currently, 132 cooperatives are involved with a total area of 400 hectares. Over the past two years, the performance of Bu Gia Map Agricultural Cooperative has been rather low due to the loss of cashew nut. In particular, the 2017/2018 is even more disappointing, because not only crop loss in productivity, but also quality losses. According to Tran Thi Yen, director of Bu Gia Map Agriculture Cooperative, the crop of 2017, due to unseasonal rain, pests and diseases, productivity of cooperatives is quite low, reaching only 7-8 quintals per hectare. In the season 2018, the situation is more uncertain as many pests such as stem borer, leaf blight ... raging across the whole area of the cooperative. Despite the attention and support from pest and disease prevention from provinces, districts and communes, but the situation on cashew is still heavy. On the whole of Bu Gia Map commune, about 80-90% of cashew area is pestilent. Not only that, 2017/2018 termination is quite early. Every year, at the end of April lunar year, new cashew growers prune, fertilize ... for cashew when the cashew on the tree has run out. At the end of February, beginning of March lunar month, many households have to embark on the care of cashew to prepare for the next. Therefore, it is likely that in 2017/2018, the average productivity of Bu Gia Map Agricultural Cooperative can only be about 6 quintals per hectare, only half of normal cases. Equally worrying is the decline in quality of raw materials. In case of 2016/2017, although the yield is reduced sharply but raw quality is good, when the rate of floating seeds (when in water) is low. This year, the floating rate is too high, up to 40-50%. Therefore, despite the fresh price of 38,000-39,000 VND / kg (the high price), the cashew growers in Bu Gia Map commune sell only for about 28,000-29,000 VND / kg. The price of 38,000-39,000 VND / kg is equal to the recovery rate of 30% or more (when dried), and Bu Gia Map has a much lower recovery rate, so only sell at that price. Not only in Bu Gia Map Commune, crop failure and sharp decrease in cashew nut quality are common in many localities. Pham Van Nguyen, a cashew expert, said that the rainy season 2017 extends to the beginning of 2018, affecting many areas of cashew growing during the first flowering. For experienced farmers who have good cashew conditions, they can still maintain their productivity. But many of the current cashew growers are poor households, lack of conditions, and caregiving experience, resulting in heavy productivity. On the other hand, many cashew orchards have been exhausted due to serious pests in 2017, to 2017/2018, flowers, late fruits, but still ends early, also greatly affect productivity thing. In Binh Phuoc, many cashew orchards produce only one third of their production in 2017. In Binh Phuoc, Lam Dong and Binh Thuan provinces, there are districts that have lost cash crops in the district such as Tanh Linh , Da Te, Da Huoai, Cat Tien, Bu Gia Map ... Information from processing enterprises also showed a clear decline in both quantity and quality of cashew. According to Mr. Le Nhat Khoa, Deputy Director of Phuc An Production Trading Company Limited (Phuoc Long town, Binh Phuoc province), every year, the recovery rate of Binh Phuoc is an average of 30-32% (drying). In 2017, despite the crop failure in production, the recovery rate is still over 30%. This year, the recovery rate is only 27-28%. A comforting thing for processing enterprises is the case in Cambodia has signs of season. In the past time, there was a small amount of crude imported from Cambodia to Vietnam. This will help businesses less pressure on raw materials when the import from Africa is still being sold at high levels.


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