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  • Vietnam Cashew export exceeds one billion USD

    Jul 3rd, 2015

    In the first 6 months of 2015, Vietnam exported 150,000 tonnes of cashew, export turnover reached nearly 1.1 billion US dollars. Vietnam Cashew Association has put the figure at conferences promoting the production and consumption of it in 2-7 days. Exports that increased by 14% in volume and over 27% in value over the same period last year, while other agricultural commodities such as rice, coffee dropped by 15% and 38% in value. Source of crude for export processing imported into Vietnam from Africa like the Ivory Coast, Nigeria ... and the continuous increase in Cambodia in recent years. In the first four months of 2015, Vietnam has imported over 197 thousand tons of crude, up nearly 196% over the same period last year.

    2014, export turnover of Vietnam thing at 2.2 billion dollars, of which about 300,000 tons of cashew production, reaching US $ 2 billion, and the rest are products processed cashew and cashew nut shell oil. Planning in this sector in 2015 also set a goal of 2014 export equivalent.

    Vietnam is the country's leading export thing in the world but could not lead the dominant market prices. In fact, Vietnam is facing the product quality is uneven because it still has many processing enterprises disqualification. There are about 265 cashew processing facility with a capacity of 1.2 million tons of processed nuts / year, of which 119 establishments, enterprises classified as C, that is no guarantee of food safety, accounting for nearly 45% of this potential and risks for manufacturing and export of cashew nuts. Product quality is uneven, lacking traceability, local firms compete primarily on price rather than product quality, food safety. Vietnam is currently exporting 345 articles. Department of Agro-forestry, aquaculture and salt products that although Vietnam's cashew nuts are still countries accept, but in the context of global economic integration, market cashew nut consumption mainly developing countries where sanitary requirements of food safety increasing, and with 45% base rate, now does not ensure food hygiene and safety and above will cause difficulties this sector during future.

    According to the Department of Agro-forestry, aquaculture and salt, among 265 establishments, cashew processing enterprises at present, there are 151 large-scale enterprises. However, of these, only 30 enterprises achieved the standards such as HACCP, ISO 9001, ISO 1400, ISO 2200. The small production base scale often falls into the household with 5-7 employees, not investment in machinery and equipment synchronized and this is where often no guarantee of food safety.

    Previously, in order to limit the small base, does not guarantee food safety, a number of member enterprises of Vietnam Cashew Association (Vinacas) make recommendations to the industry that the business is conditional.  This idea later encountered opposition from other businesses, saying, this would eliminate the small business. To resolve this dispute, MARD new Circular 14/2011 / TT-BNN provides for the inspection and assessment base business and production of agricultural materials and agricultural products, forestry, aquaculture to control establishments, enterprises producing not guarantee food safety. According to the Department of Agro-forestry, aquaculture and salt, resulting in the only stop in the assessment and classification of establishments under Circular 14, and in fact, the facility reaches C after being checked, distribution sort the results still operating normally.