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  • Not everyone laughs

    Mar 21st, 2017

    The price of raw cashew in the crop of 2017 is very high, about 50,000 VND / kg, if it is dry, 60,000 VND / kg - Nguyen Anh Tuan, Hamlet 5, Hoa Hoi Commune, Xuyen Moc District, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, said. At the same time last year at 38,000 VND / kg live. Generally, in 2 years, the prices of cashew in the country are very high compared to previous years. At this price, cashew growers can survive with cashews. However, this year, not everyone wins the season, winning the price as Mr. Tuan (average productivity of his 6 hectares is about 3.5 tons / ha).The rainy season before and after the Lunar New Year in 2017, combined with the weather, the fog, fog and high humidity affected the season is quite clear. Pests grow much. With experienced caregivers like Tuan, treatment to overcome pests is not too difficult. But with a large part of the growers, especially in the non-key provinces of cashew such as Da Te, Cat Tien, Da Hoai (Lam Dong) or Tanh Linh (Binh Thuan) Experienced people were severely damaged. According to engineer Phan Van Dau, cashew expert, the damage from pests and diseases is up to 70% - 80% of production.

    After the survey of Dong Phu, Bu Dang, Bu Gia Map and Phu Rieng districts (Binh Phuoc province - the area with the highest production area and quality of raw materials), Vietnam Cashew Nut (Vinacas) The pest is not raging as much as other localities, but the 2017 season is delayed by 1.5 months due to the shortened dry season, heavy rains in the dry season, slow down the decomposition process. Young shoots and flower buds. The nine-month forecast period is from late February to mid-March and lasts until the end of April. In general, the harvest is late, yields are also lower. According to engineer Phan Van Dau, most of the areas damaged by pests have been supported by provinces spraying pesticides, but survived the area of severe damage, the people left behind Spraying, will be the outbreak can burst into the following season. This is a must to take measures to prevent.

    The biggest limitation of the cashew industry is the reliance on imported raw materials. Therefore, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development together with the cashewnut production enterprises of Vinacas has carried out "cooperating with farmers" with the project "Grafting improvement - intensive cultivation", to bring productivity From less than 1 ton / ha to 2 ton / ha. At present it has reached 1.4 tons / ha, but there are many models yield up to 3-4 tons / ha. The target is that by 2020, cashew production in Vietnam will reach 600,000 tons of raw cashew nuts or more. Of course, this harvest can not completely replace imported raw materials, but it does not depend too much. For the past 3 years, the cashew area has been reduced, as the cashew yields have been gradually increased by the collection, selection and crossbreeding of suitable cultivars for each area, indicating that the direction is right. . Because only when the cashew grower's income is able to compete with other crops in place can it be said that keeping the area of the thing exists, before it comes to expansion. It should also be noted that the unusual weather story leading to pests appear and spread over time shows that there must be strong and professional extension staff in terms of expertise to promptly advise people to take measures. Appropriate response.

    Source: SGGGP Newspaper