Keep the area stable but
increased productivity that by intensive rehabilitation orchard is the goal
that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) set for this
sector in order to reduce dependence on crude import sew.
In Official Letter No. 4509 /
BNN-VP-TB on June 4-6, Le Quoc Doanh, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural
Development, said that the guidelines of the investment is to promote intensive
cultivation, improvement of the orchard years is on track and continues to grow
in the near future. The goal is that each hectare yielding 2 tons per season.
According to the Vietnam Cashew
Association (Vinacas), in recent years, thanks to growers that goes towards
intensification, improvement should yield orchard of 2015 increased by 3 kg /
hectare compared to 2013.
According to the DCP, in the
2006-2013 period yield ranged from 8.5 to 9.5 which quintals / hectare, by
2014, thanks to intensive focus on productivity has increased 11.71 quintals /
hectare, an increase of 2.3 kg / hectare, equivalent to 24.4% compared with
2013. compared with other countries, Vietnam is also the highest yield world
However, with an area of
300,000 hectares level, domestic source of crude can not meet the
needs of the processing and export of cashew in Vietnam. 2015, statistics from
the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shows that the amount of
crude imports is 853 000 tonnes a year, the value of imports was US $ 1.12
billion, up nearly 48% and nearly 73% in value with 2014.
In the first 5 months of this
year, the volume of crude imports were 226,000 tons, worth 344 million US
dollars, down 20.5% in volume but down 7.7% in value. According to Vinacas,
crude prices have risen in recent months, and so now it's considering selling
price in the coming months to decide to enter more or less, to avoid buying
high raw materials, semi-finished product but with low price.
Since 2006, Vietnam has surpassed
India to become the largest cashew exporter in the world and this is associated
with increasing dependence on imported raw materials. As businesses, once
dependent of imported raw materials, branch of Vietnam still the potential
risks in production and business activities.
That is also why, MARD requested
this sector, DCP and institutes and schools throughout the country working to
increase productivity orchard by renovating, intensive and create new varieties
to replace How these old varieties planted decades ago. The aim is to reduce
the dependence on imports of raw materials in the coming years.
According to MARD, in the first 5
months of the year, the volume of cashew exports totaled 119,000 tons, worth
collecting about reaching 910 million US dollars, an increase of nearly 2% in
volume but up nearly 10% in value.