In Binh Phuoc, 3 years before the rubber is
considered the "white gold", constantly rising prices of pepper,
cashew low yield so people cut down massively. Cashew acreage plummeted from
2011 to 2015 about 20,000 hectares. Facing this situation, requires functional
departments at all levels should take measures to stabilize the area, and take
measures to improve crop yields kite.
According to agricultural experts, immediate urgent
tasks set for this sector of Binh Phuoc is to promote the improvement orchard.
The best measure is to promote graft sewn to renovate orchard. As if the new
plant will affect the lives of farmers, from 5 to 6 years will have no income.
Based on the idea of renovating the orchard grafting
of some farmers in Ha Long Commune, Bu Gia Map District (now the communes of
Phu Rieng district) in the form of grafting was effective, high productivity.
Thereby, the Coordinating Article Binh Phuoc Vietnam Cashew Association,
Provincial Farmers Association, Horticulture Station - Plant Protection implementing
districts build 41 models with an area of 41ha orchard productivity
improvement, quality the orchard low productivity, high quality in Bu Gia Map
district, Bu Dang, Dong Phu and Dong Xoai town, accompanied by the 11 training
and technology transfer for transplantation renovated 1,100 cashew farmers
Mr. Hoang Van Tan, 8 Long Ha Hamlet, Phu Rieng
district, Binh Phuoc, said: "I'm from the past until now mainly cashew,
over many years with cashews. Previously due to uneven seed should have started
from 2001 renovated transplant, remove old branches, breeding achieve high
yields, good for transplant models. Up to now, I succeeded several models
Through this reality show that transplanted trees, new branches grafted healthy and viable than several times with old cashew trees. Scion resistance very good, a lot of flowers, many times and the rate is very high fruit flowers. Along with that, the grafted branches to nuts, are, firm and not black beads, an average of 120 seeds / kg to traders buy it at high prices make farmers very excited, learn and apply follow.
Grafting methods that renovating old orchard can
help farmers increase productivity, improve quality cashew nuts than 4-5 times
higher than before. From increasing productivity, quality and price at a high
level will help people get rich cashew cashew thereby creating conditions for
the plants of sustainable development, get rid of the chorus "grown-cut,
tight-grown" due to low productivity and inefficiency in recent years. This
is the motivation for people to learn to graft, graft replication renovated old
cashew. Since the effectiveness of rehabilitation methods in the form of
grafted cashew breathe 1,000ha of farmers that apply.
Nguyen Van Hung, Chairman of the Peasants Long Ha
Phu Rieng district, Binh Phuoc, said: "Before the actual cashew
productivity is low, productivity is unstable causing many households are not
in a long time with cashews, switch to other crops. Through transplantation
model to be replicated, achieve higher efficiency compared to previous form
looks, some farmers in many localities in Binh Phuoc follow. Since then the
province has grown that you visit this learning model. "
In 3 years, cashew prices are high, coupled with the
efforts of the provincial-level branches in the orchard productivity should
increase. This is a good sign for cashew growers Binh Phuoc. Currently, Binh
Phuoc's cashew nuts account for about 50% of cashew nut exports of the country.
Machinery manufacturing, processing cashew nuts are the experts rated very
modern in its efforts to advance the goals of sustainable development of the
cashew sector. Season 2016, prices ranged from fresh cashew nuts VND 32,000 VND
35,000 made ??many people very excited.
Besides, the productivity of the orchard in the
province there are significant steps forwards. In 2009 the average yield of
cashew nuts in Binh Phuoc reach 940kg / ha, then in 2016 was raised to 1.4
tonnes / ha. Along with that, it's the export market of Binh Phuoc has
constantly expanded, not only exports to China and the US, the last time the
Binh Phuoc cashews also be exported to new markets such as European countries
Ha Lan Anh...
Binh Phuoc Toan has over 177,000 hectares of area
under cultivation, yield of 1.4 t / ha for cashew exports 337.7 million