average export price of cashew Vietnam reached $ 7,101 / ton, up 17.12%
compared with the same period last year. It is expected that in 2015 exports
reached $ 2.5 billion.
In recent years, this sector has many changes in
production. In the period from the year 2003- 2007, the area of trees rising
from 250 thousand to 450 thousand ha ha. 2014 was the most successful year of
Vietnam's industries ever, with 1.2 million tons of dry processing, and also in
Vietnam 9th ranked first in terms of the export; fourth year earning over $ 1
billion and the first year turnover of over $ 2 billion. However, according to
the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), although Vietnam is
the country has been ranked world number one in the export of cashew nuts, but
the sustainability of the sector is very weak, acreage that is being rapidly
reduced at the local staple crops such thing as Binh Phuoc, Dong Nai ...
Binh Phuoc Province is considered the capital of
this sector of the country, but in recent years the area of trees in the
province were significantly reduced due to competition from other crops.
Specifically, from 2011 to the end of 2014, an area of trees in Binh Phuoc has
declined by about 20 thousand hectares. In the whole province is about 135 thousand
hectares, accounting for 40% of the acreage and crop yields in recent seasons
to reach 149 thousand tons, accounting for 40% of national output.
As reported by the Department of Agriculture and
Rural Development in Dong Nai province, today trees are huge advantage by
processing enterprises export individual branded on export markets such as the
US, China, Canada, Russia, UK, Netherlands, Australia, capable of output
consumption. However, over time due to price uncertainty, many pest orchard low
productivity, many households have been demolished to switch to other crops
that area of the province is currently about 44 thousand hectares, down nearly
3 thousand ha compared to before. In addition, cashew export prices rising this
year, but profits earned processing enterprises did not increase, caused by the
water resource deficit, imports of raw cashew nuts with high production rates.
Labor costs and some other input costs continued to increase as the profit
Prior to this fact, the problem is urgently now is how to improve productivity for trees. In recent years, scientists have focused on the study of plant breeding towards adapting to the actual environmental conditions, higher productivity. However, it should promote the rehabilitation orchard, and the best approach is to promote graft sewn to improve orchard. So if the new plant will affect the livelihood of farmers, by 5- 6 years growers that have no income.
To accomplish this 2014 Vietnam Cashew Association (Vinacas) has developed and renovated orchard grafting in 30 points and 10 points in Binh Phuoc Dong Nai, these are less productive garden under 1 ton / ha . In 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development for Vinacas 1 billion to implement additional 100 transplants renovated garden.
At the same time, funds to invest in long-term production, Vinacas is proposed to establish funding links that produce and export revenues with 4: support of the State, collecting 2 USD / ton export, financing and other sources. 50% of funds of funds for the program will focus on intensive research and seed orchard.
However, the solution becomes active only motivation
for this sector for sustainable development if the efforts of local support,
processing enterprises. It is the creation of mechanisms that link closely with
the State of scientists, manufacturers and growers thing.
Currently, there are 21 provinces with a total area
planted that 311,000 ha. Binh Phuoc province has the largest area of that
country with 135 thousand ha. To this sector for sustainable development,
Vietnam Cashew Association suggest that stable area about 300 thousand ha and
maintained an average yield of 1.5 tonnes / 1ha.