This time, along with pepper,
cashew trees are starting to harvest. Unlike previous years, the price of
cashews is growing at record levels in the last 10 years. The time to take the
garden traders buy at prices ranging from 31000-32000 / kg fresh, rose
11000-12000 / kg compared with 10 years ago and rose 3000-5000 compared to the
Harvest orchard is 0.5 ha for
early ripening, Nguyen Van Trade, Da Bac commune (Chau Duc district) said:
"The thing this year, favorable weather so wrong, good seeds, energy 20%
higher than the previous season. Currently, the price of this service is
increasing so we have high rates ".
He said development, previously
only price thing at around 18000-22000 / kg. Late that service 2014 - 2015,
rates rose to 27000-28000 / kg, but compared with other crops, the economic
value of which is still low. If 1ha that yield from 11-13 kg, with prices
ranging from 31000-32000 / kg at present, the income from cashew beginner level
or slightly higher than other crops such as coffee, cassava ...
But the paradox is that while
prices were high, which in many localities in the province, the area under
cultivation has fallen sharply should yield no more. Hoa Hoi commune, one of
the "capital" of cashew in BR-VT, within 5 years, nearly half the
area it fell. Other localities like Bong Trang commune, Bung Rieng, Hoa Hiep
... has gradually replaced by trees that other trees such as melaleuca, dragon
fruit, pepper ...
The reason is that old orchard,
so erratic weather conditions successive crop failures, yield decline from
20-50%, reduce the quality of cashew nuts, the market price uncertainty led
many farmers to chop down things switch to crops with higher value. According
to the agriculture and rural development sector, in recent years, the
province's growing area of continuous decline. By the end of
2015, the province also 9.909ha things, reduce 681,9ha over the previous year.
Meanwhile, exports of cashew nuts
in 2015 and this year there are many positive signs, increased in both value
and volume. By the end of 2015, exports of cashew nuts of the country about
320,000 tons, exports reached US $ 2.4 billion. Cashew export prices also
increased in 2015, reaching an average 7.080USD / ton. But at present, the
domestic cashew production meets only a very small portion, less than 50%, the
rest is imported.
BR-VT previously been regarded as
one of the "capital" of cashews, but now yields and quality are not
met the demand for cashew processing enterprises in the province. According to
Thao Nguyen Company Limited (Tan Thanh district), exports of cashew nuts are
good market, products of the company made cashews are consumed there. However,
the material of the domestic industry can not meet the production capacity.
To maintain production, companies
have to import raw materials from Africa. Or another business is Cao Phat Co.
(Chau Duc district) also have to seek other sources of supply in countries such
as Nigeria, Brazil ... According to Mr. Cao Thuc Uy, Director Cao Phat Co.,
Ltd., currently the source of 60% raw materials for the production of cashew
nuts companies must import from African countries.
Vietnam Cashew Association (Vinacas), said that Vietnam cashews were present in 50 markets. According to Nguyen Duc Thanh Vinacas chairman, the current cashew DNche have invested in modern machinery and technology to create products cashew nuts have more added value for export and domestic consumption. Expected products with high added value will increase by 20% the value of processed cashew nuts. Vinacas urged local businesses to add value to products to help Vietnam cashew nuts continue to be the largest exporter of cashew nuts in the world.
According to industry development
planning that 2020 and 2030 driven by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
Development, 2020, the area under cultivation 300.000ha stable country, the
average yield of 1.5 tons / ha, yield 400,000 tons of cashew nuts. The
proportion of deep processing products reached 20% cashew processing cashew nut
shell oil from reaching the rate of 50%, exports reached 2.5 billion USD.
At BR-VT, planning of DARD 2020
was 7,000 ha area, yield 14.9 quintal / ha, yield 8630 tons.