Thanh, who owns 3ha thing in Bu Dang (Binh Phuoc), said that 3 years now the garden does not give the sum but still good harvest. Particularly this year the weather is not favorable, many frosts cause the rate of fruit is as low as ever, the area seems lost. Likewise, Mr. Chuong's house has 4 hectares, but only 3 days after harvest. "In previous years, our garden collected a few tons, but this year was up to 40,000-45,000 VND per kilogram, it was a crop failure, many trees almost no fruit, so the output plummeted," said Chu.
The act of modifying the hand valve
This year the weather is not favorable to the loss of the season. Not only farmers in Binh Phuoc suffer crop failure but in Ba Ria-Vung Tau or Binh Thuan, farmers are also having difficulty with this year's article. Tam, one of the long-term growers in Binh Thuan, said that the family has 2 hectares but this year is almost broken. Because according to him, the beginning of what is flowering flowers are contrary to the rainy season, the frosts caused the flower pods are damaged can not be fruit, but the beans are also fall off gradually.
Currently, Binh Thuan has about 18,000 ha, mainly concentrated in three districts Duc Linh, Tanh Linh and Ham Tan. In which, Duc Linh is the area with the largest area of the province with more than 10,000 ha, concentrated in the communes of Pu Pu, Sung Nhon, Duc Hanh, Tan Ha ... According to the Agriculture Department, up to now, Damage 80-90%.
Also in Binh Phuoc, Bu Dang has the largest cashew area of nearly 60,000 hectares. Initially, there were more than 865 hectares of pest infestation, while others were dry. Nguyen Duc Thanh, Chairman of the Vietnam Cashew Association (Vinacas), said that this year, the situation of crop failures is worse than that of every year. Vinacas survey in the provinces showed that many gardeners lost a lot, others only reached 40%, where high also only reached 70% yield compared to the same period. Overall, this season's crop failures and yield reductions of up to 50%. Therefore, many processing enterprises have to reduce capacity.
In the first two months of this year, the amount of cash spent on exports has decreased by 70% over the same period. Many enterprises have to import more raw materials in the year to produce for the import market. In the first two months of this year, the export of the commodity items reached 26,000 tons, equivalent to $ 232 million, down 26.2% in volume and 12% in value over the same period of 2016.
"The world price of foodstuffs increased over the same period last year, the average price of US $ 9.5 per kilogram, and crude $ 1,800 per ton. Cashew is shortage, so if you import more from abroad, the price of finished products may change, "Thanh said.As a specialist in this field, Nguyen Van Lang said, in fact, domestic raw materials are not enough export, only reached 400,000 tons and imported from the Ivory Coast. This year despite the price but the people lost season, it is expected that raw materials will import more than every year. With this situation, if this year's output of domestic cashew fell by 100,000 to 200,000 tons, businesses will have to import 700,000-800,000 tons to serve processing for export.