The National Center for Agricultural Extension, Department of Crop Production, Department of Plant Protection, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Binh Phuoc has just organized a forum for agricultural extension with the theme "Solutions for rehabilitation and improvement of cashew orchards". Help farmers in the province in time to apply the techniques of care, restore and improve cashew orchards and prevent pests.The forum was also attended by the Center for Research and Development of Cashew Nut, Lam Dong's agricultural leaders, leaders of provincial departments, extension stations, cashew processing and purchasing companies. Farmers supplying agricultural materials along with many good farmers in the district, Bu Dang, Dong Phu, Bu Gia Map, Phu Rieng, Bu Dop, Phuoc Long town.
At the forum, according to the experiences of the good farmers to share, to grow cashew, good growth, then after harvesting should prune branches, create canopy, fertilize, ...Mr. Nguyen Duc Dien, Phu Van commune, Bu Gia Map district said that because of the dependence of cashew trees on natural conditions, garden owners often need to visit the garden. Then check the garden if there are signs of worm, disease, fog to take measures to prevent widespread in the garden.
Mr. Nguyen Duc Hoa, in Phu Rieng commune, Phu Rieng district, has asked agricultural experts to clarify the way of identifying medicines, combining medicines with foliar fertilizers, time, etc?
Hoa's family has been attached to the tree for a long time. Hoa's garden at the highest harvesting time of one hectare reached 3.5 tons of cashew nuts. In order to get results, Hoa has taken care of the garden regularly, limiting stimulants.At the forum, people were answering experts directly related to the problem of fertilizing; drug consumption, use of drugs to treat anthrax; smoke to kill mosquitoes, bugs, reasonable time to prune branches canopy; Support policies for farmers suffering damage, ...
Representatives of Do Trung Binh Center for Tropical Agriculture Research and Consultancy said that fertilizers are available in many types, but no fertilizer is used to fertilize cashew trees. The fertilizer market is generally applied to a variety of crops. The introduction of fertilizer specifically for cashew is in the fertilizer companies and fertilizer must be recognized, authorized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Dang Van Tu, deputy director of the Center for Cashew Research and Development, said that there are many varieties in the market. People need to select the stem from the source of certification; At the same time, it is necessary to increase the monitoring of seedlings in the locality.In addition, experts stressed that the cashew growers before treatment for the plant should carefully look at the drug, carefully read the spray dosage instructions, spray time, consultation advice at the extension station, Agriculture to ensure the drug effectively promote pest control.
For area of cashew trees with no recovery symptoms should be cut trees, cut 30% of branches, when the plants to check regularly to prevent pests and diseases. Plants with slow recovery potential should use a drug class containing copper, sulfur compounds; With the use of pesticides containing chlorine, phosphorus pesticides, ...Facing the situation of the "capital" of Binh Phuoc cashew is severely damaged by pests, Director of the National Center for Agricultural Extension Tran Van Khoi recommended that farmers grow carefully to use the right kind of pesticides; Apply fertilizer to the right time for the plant to grow back; If re-planted, seedlings should be purchased from origin and recognized to avoid poor yields. Regularly attended the garden to timely detect the disease; Pruning branches, creating canopy for open trees
The "capital" of Binh Phuoc province has an area of 173,920 ha, accounting for 1/3 of total export turnover of the province and contributes nearly 25% of total GDP of the province. Cashew sector in the province also provides regular jobs for about 50,000 laborers, contributing to stabilize the lives of more than 71,000 cashew growers in the province.In the period from 2015 to now, Binh Phuoc province is affected by climate change, causing damage to 27,565 hectares of planted area. In early 2017, the precipitation and precipitation conditions will appear, creating conditions for pests and diseases to grow on cashew trees, causing serious damage to the cashew nut in the province. Diseases such as anthracnose, dry leaf blight, green tea mosquito bugs.
At present, the total area of damaged land is 35,463 ha. Severely damaged localities such as Bu Dang district suffered the most damage with over 18,000 ha, Bu Gia Map district 9,653 ha, ... The damaged area was concentrated in poor households, policy families and ethnic minorities. number.