Brazilian cashews - General Specifications

General Specifications

- For all the grades up to 5 % of the next lower grade or pieces at time of packing is allowed

- For whole kernels, breakage is not to exceed 5% at the time of packing and it is not to exceed 10% at time of arrival.

- The kernels should be packed in new, clean, dry, leak proof lead-free containers with an airtight (hermetic) seal and without internal paper liners.

- The outer container used for packing shall be constructed of a new cardboard, free of infestation and visual mould and sealed without staples, unless otherwise specified by the end user.

- Only pesticides approved for use on cashews may be used, and residues must be within the tolerances set by the government of the importing country.

- All cartons should be labeled with details of name of product, name of the producer, export destination, net weight etc.,

- Moisture level of the kernels should be within 3% - 5%.

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AFI definition for certain terms used in cashew trade:

Broken Kernel - a cashew kernel is called so when one quarter or more of the original kernel has been broken off.

Pieces - Portions of kernels measuring less than one quarter of a kernel.

Damage - Any defect described in the specifications which materially detracts from the appearance of a kernel or of a lot, and lessens their marketing quality.

Shrivelled - The presence of insects, frass or web, or evidence of boring.

Mould - A visible growth either on the outside or the inside of the kernel.

Rancid - A visible breakdown of the oils in the kernels giving them off taste.

Adhering testa - Skin adhering to any portion of the kernel.

Scorched - A darkening of the kernel from too much heat when kernel is shelled or blanched.

Spotting - On roasting spots or specks appear on the kernel.

Flux Marks - black or brown marks on the surface of the kernels caused by flux dripping onto them when a tin container is sealed.

Speckled - a brown stain, which appears after removal of the testa on some kernels.